Panipat by Vishwas Patil: A Historical Novel on the Third Battle of Panipat
Panipat by Vishwas Patil is a historical novel that narrates the events and consequences of the Third Battle of Panipat, fought between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Abdali in 1761. The novel is based on extensive research and historical sources, and presents a vivid and realistic picture of the battle that changed the course of Indian history.
panipat by vishwas patil pdf in marathi free download
The novel follows the lives and fates of various characters involved in the battle, such as Sadashivrao Bhau, the Maratha commander-in-chief, Vishwasrao, his nephew and heir, Parvatibai, his wife, Malharrao Holkar, his ally, Ibrahim Khan Gardi, his artillery chief, Surajmal Jat, his rival, Najib Khan Rohilla, Abdali's ally, and many others. The novel also depicts the political, social, cultural and religious aspects of the 18th century India, as well as the military strategies, tactics and weapons used in the battle.
Panipat by Vishwas Patil is a masterpiece of Marathi literature that has won several awards and accolades. It has been translated into many languages and adapted into a film and a play. It is widely regarded as one of the best historical novels in Marathi for the last 50 years. It is a must-read for anyone interested in Indian history and culture.
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We hope you enjoy reading this novel and learn more about the glorious and tragic history of India.
The Third Battle of Panipat was one of the most decisive and bloody battles in Indian history. It was fought on 14 January 1761, between the Afghan forces of Ahmad Shah Durrani, also known as Ahmad Shah Abdali, along with his local Rohilla and other Pathan and Oudh allies, against the Maratha Empire, led by Sadashivrao Bhau. The battle took place near the city of Panipat, about 60 miles (95.5 km) north of Delhi. [^1^] [^3^]
The Maratha Empire had emerged as a dominant power in India after the decline of the Mughal Empire. Under the leadership of Peshwa Baji Rao I and his successors, the Marathas had expanded their influence and control over most of India, from the Deccan Plateau to Delhi and beyond. They had also challenged the foreign invaders, such as the Portuguese, the French and the British, and had established a confederation of semi-autonomous states under their suzerainty. [^1^]
However, the Maratha expansion also provoked resistance and hostility from other regional powers, such as the Sikhs, the Rajputs, the Jats and the Afghans. The Afghans, under Ahmad Shah Durrani, had invaded India several times since 1747, and had plundered and ravaged many regions, especially Punjab and Delhi. The Marathas had tried to stop his incursions and had even captured Lahore and Peshawar in 1758. But they could not consolidate their gains and had to face a counter-attack from Durrani in 1759. [^1^] [^3^]
In 1760, Durrani launched his final invasion of India with a massive army of about 60,000 cavalry and 30,000 infantry. He was joined by his Indian allies, such as Najib-ud-Daula, the Rohilla chief who controlled the Doab region between the Ganges and Yamuna rivers; Shuja-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Oudh who had a personal rivalry with the Marathas; and some Mughal nobles who resented the Maratha ascendancy. [^1^] [^3^]
The Marathas decided to confront Durrani's invasion with their own army of about 45,000 cavalry and 15,000 infantry. The army was commanded by Sadashivrao Bhau, who was a cousin of Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao and a veteran general. He was accompanied by his nephew Vishwasrao Bhatt, who was the son of the Peshwa and the heir apparent of the Maratha Empire. The army also included some notable generals and chiefs, such as Malharrao Holkar, Mahadji Shinde (also known as Scindia), Jankoji Shinde (also known as Sindia), Shamsher Bahadur (also known as Bala Rao), Damaji Gaikwad (also known as Gaekwad), Tukoji Rao Shinde (also known as Holkar), Yeshwant Rao Pawar (also known as Dabhade), Ibrahim Khan Gardi (a former French officer who commanded a contingent of European-trained artillerymen), and many others. The army also had a large number of non-combatants, such as pilgrims, women, children and camp-followers, who added to its size and logistical burden. [^1^] [^3^]
The Maratha army marched northwards from Pune in April 1760, crossing several rivers and mountains on its way. It reached Delhi in August 1760, where it was welcomed by the Mughal emperor Alamgir II, who was a puppet of Najib-ud-Daula. The Marathas tried to negotiate with Durrani's allies and persuade them to switch sides or remain neutral. They also tried to secure support from other regional powers, such as Surajmal Jat, the ruler of Bharatpur; Raja Amar Singh Rathore of Jaipur; Raja Madho Singh of Jodhpur; Raja Vijay Singh of Alwar; Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind; Raja Tilok Singh of Kishangarh; Raja Zorawar Singh of Datia; Raja Man Singh Tom 29c81ba772